First we want to create a structure representing the bone data that will be used to create the skeleton. A struct in maxscript is somewhat similar to class objects that exists in other languages such as python or C#. Check out Duber's Blog for a more in depth look on maxscript structs.
struct bone_info (bone_name, parent_name, bone_xform)
Next we create a recursive function that will return the data representing each biped bone name, the parent bone name, and the bone transform. Notice that I am ignoring certain biped helper objects that don't necessarily need to become bones in our skeleton.
-- recursive function to get biped children objects fn get_bip_children bip_obj bone_data = ( -- make sure the current biped object has children if (bip_obj.children != undefined) do ( -- loop through all of the current bone's children for child in bip_obj.children do ( -- ignore these biped objects match_footsteps = matchpattern child.name pattern:"*footsteps" match_nubs = matchpattern child.name pattern:"*nub" -- do not add certain objects as bones, this is a preference if (not match_footsteps) and (not match_nubs) do ( -- create an object for the current child bone new_bone = bone_info child.name bip_obj.name child.transform -- update the bone_data array with the current child append bone_data new_bone -- see if the current child has and children if (child.children != undefined) do ( get_bip_children child bone_data ) ) ) ) return bone_data )Next up is the main function that collects the biped bone data, creates the new bones and rebuilds the hierarchy. Something that I should point out here. I am creating the actual bones using point helper objects. Almost any object in max can be used as an animatable bone and work with the Skin modifier to deform meshes. One thing to keep in mind is that I avoid creating max bones using the bone() creation method. This tends to be slow and I have found to crash Skin. You may choose to use bonesys.createbone as an alternative.
-- create a skeleton from a biped skeleton fn create_skeleton bip prefix = ( -- get the biped root node bip_root = bip.controller.rootnode local bone_data = #() -- create an object for the root bone root_bone = bone_info bip_root.name undefined bip_root.transform append bone_data root_bone -- get bone data (names and hierarchy) from the biped bone_data = get_bip_children bip_root bone_data -- make sure bone data is valid if (bone_data.count > 0) do ( -- create the bones for b in bone_data do ( bone_name = substitutestring b.bone_name "Bip" prefix -- using a point object here, this can be changed to any object type -- do not use bone()!, that is really slow and crashes skin new_bone = point name:bone_name size:5 box:on cross:off ) -- update the hierarchy and set the transforms on the newly created bones for b in bone_data do ( -- only update the bone parent if it actually has a parent if (b.parent_name != undefined) then ( bone_name = substitutestring b.bone_name "Bip" prefix parent_name = substitutestring b.parent_name "Bip" prefix bone_node = getnodebyname bone_name parent_node = getnodebyname parent_name -- set the bone parent then set the transform if (isvalidnode bone_node) and (isvalidnode parent_node) do ( bone_node.parent = parent_node bone_node.transform = b.bone_xform ) ) else ( -- get the bone object bone_name = substitutestring b.bone_name "Bip" prefix bone_node = getnodebyname bone_name -- set the bone transform without a parent if (isvalidnode bone_node) do ( bone_node.transform = b.bone_xform ) ) ) messageBox "Creating Skeleton Complete!" title:"Create Skeleton" ) )This is the opening of the script that will make sure the user has a single biped object selected and provide the prefix name that will precede the new bone names.
if (selection.count == 1) and (classof selection == Biped_Object) then ( -- create the skeleton with a new prefix create_skeleton selection "Guy" ) else ( messageBox "Select a single biped node" title:"Create Skeleton" )Now since we used point helpers to create the bones you may want to display these objects with links and make them look more like max bones. To do this you can go to the display panel under link display at the bottom and check both options. biped_create_skeleton.ms